By Andy Ives, CFP®, AIF®
My question is: Does the SECURE Act affect inheritors of a Roth IRA account? If so, in what way, and why – since it is not a pre-tax account? I look forward to your reply. Thanks.
Yes, the SECURE Act does affect inherited Roth IRAs for those who inherit in 2020 or later. (Any Roth IRAs inherited prior to 2020 fall under the old rules.) Under the SECURE Act, only eligible designated beneficiaries (spouses, minor children of the account owner, disabled individuals, chronically ill individuals, and beneficiaries not more than ten years younger than the deceased IRA owner) can stretch RMD payments over their own life expectancy. The SECURE Act requires non-eligible designated beneficiaries to empty the inherited Roth IRA account by the end of the 10th year after the year of death. Why does the SECURE Act speed up RMD payments? Probably so that tax-free inherited Roth money that would just be sitting there and growing gets forced back into circulation sooner, thus generating more taxable expenditures.
A friend reached his 70 1/2 age last December 29, 2019. His 2019 RMD 2019 on his IRA had a beginning withdrawal date of April 1, 2020. No actual withdrawal has been made. With the CARES Act, will the RMD withdrawal suspension in 2020 also applies to the RMD 2019 not yet taken by April 1, 2020? Does the 50% penalty apply to the RMD 2019 amount not withdrawn by April 1, 2020?
As you mentioned, only a person’s first RMD can be delayed until April 1 of the following year. The CARES Act waived all 2020 RMDs. This waiver also applies to first-time RMDs in 2019 that were not yet taken by the end of 2019. In a normal year, the 50% penalty would apply to any amount of a first RMD not taken by the April 1 cutoff. However, as this is not a normal year, and since your friend delayed his first RMD to 2020, there is no penalty because there is no RMD to take due to the CARES Act waiver.